The Blackeye Pea or Southern Pea has vigorous, high yielding plants that grow 24-40" tall and produces 7-9" pods. Wilt resistant, easy to grow and easy to cook they are excellent as green shell or snap beans or more commonly dried like winter beans. Snap beans are harvested at 45 days and dry at 60+ days. Thought to have originated in Africa, Thomas Jefferson wrote about growing Blackeye Peas in the 1770ís. Still very popular in the Southern United States, they were brought from Africa by slaves as early as the late 1600s.
Blackeye peas are a cowpea and are part of the family of beans and peas. Although called a pea, it is actually a bean. They are nutrient rich, both as a food for people and animals and to the soil. The plant roots fix nitrogen from the air into the soil, making it available to soil bacteria that convert it into a plant available nutrient. They were originally grown as animal fodder and not considered fit for human consumption, thus the American name of "cowpea".
China and India have grown blackeye peas, which are related to the mung bean, since pre-historic times. Greeks and Romans preferred them to chickpeas.
Approx 60 seeds per pack
Cowpeas need warm, well-drained soil and at least 6 -8 hours of full sun. When all danger of frost is past, and the ground is thoroughly warm, plant beans 1.5" deep, every 3 - 4", firming soil over seeds. Water weekly in dry weather. Planting every 3 weeks until midsummer assures a continous supply of beans.