Brown Tepary Bush Bean Seeds - (Phaseolus acutifolius)
- Seed Count:
- Approx 50 seeds per pack
- Days to Maturity:
- 70-90 days
- Heirloom, Non-Hybrid, Non-GMO seeds
Brown Tepary Bush Bean - The Desert Bean
An ancient variety of bush bean, adapted to growing quickly in hot summers, it seems to have been first cultivated in the Southwest by the Hohokam culture. Tepary beans mature quickly and thrive despite desert heat, drought, and alkaline soils.
They are well adapted to producing a crop with just one or two irrigation's from the summer monsoons. When mature, the plant continues growing until the summer rains stops. The decrease in soil moisture signals the plant that it is time to set and mature a heavy crop of beans.
The Tohono O'Odham people in southern Arizona typically planted them in July after the monsoon rains started, in very damp soil that holds moisture well.
Originating around the Mexican states of Jalisco and Sinaloa, with recent studies indicating the earliest domestication and cultivation in the Tehuacán Valley, southeast of Mexico City around 5,000 BC. By 2,300 years ago, the domesticated tepary bean was widely grown from Guatemala throughout Mexico and into the American Southwest.
Growing tepary beans is possible under the most extreme conditions. In 1912, ethnographer Carl Lumholtz discovered small fields growing primarily tepary beans in the Pinacate Peaks area of Sonora, with an average annual precipitation of 3 inches and temperatures up to 118°F. Papago and Mexican farmers grew crops using the runoff from sparse rains. They often planted seeds in the wet ground immediately after a rain and harvested a crop two months later.
Tepary beans are high in protein, calcium, niacin, and fiber, and low on the glycemic index, which helps regulate blood sugar.
Keep the soil damp but not wet until the seedlings emerge, then water about every three days. Once the plants are established – over 8" tall – water only the roots and only then when the plants are thirsty with the leaves drooping. Over watering will limit bean production.