Native Flower Seed Mix for Monarchs
This seed mix has both native wildflowers and milkweeds to supply nectar food sources and host plants for the Monarch butterfly. Other butterflies will use the flower nectar, but only the Monarchs use milkweed as a host plant. Both male and female Monarchs have different nectar needs but will often converge where there are host plants. This mix is ideal for planting in the Monarch’s summer breeding range and flyway zones of the United States.
Monarch populations have severely declined over the past several years, and the loss of milkweed plants and nectar sources has been a major contributor. Insect pollination is essential in roughly 35% of the world’s crops.
Home gardeners, gardening clubs and school gardens can all help support the Monarchs by planting and spreading this seed mix in their gardens and communities. Many individuals working independently can improve Monarch habitat faster and more effectively than any other way.
Monarchs utilize the milkweed species exclusively as host plants, as the caterpillar ingests the toxins in the milkweed, making itself poisonous to most predators. Milkweed is the only plant that provides for these needs.
Flower nectar provides both energy and re-hydration for butterflies. Most flower nectar is about 20% sucrose, a natural sugar, and 80% water, an important energy source of carbohydrates, supplying a complex range of sugars to keep the energy levels high. Butterflies “taste” through their feet when they land on a flower!
One seed packet will generously plant approximately 16 square feet – a 4x4 foot space.
Planting time: the best times to plant are spring, early summer and fall.
What's in the mix
Common Name and Genus/Species
- Bergamot Monarda fistulosa
- Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnate
- Butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa
- Smooth Aster Aster laevis
- New England Aster Aster novae-angliae
- Tickseed Sunflower Bidens aristosa
- Lance-Leaved Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolate
- Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea
- Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum
- Indian Blanket Gaillardia pulchella
- Wild Sunflower Helianthus annuus
- Ox-Eye Sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides
- Gayfeather Liatris spicata
- Clasping Coneflower Rudbeckia amplexicaulis
- Cutleaf Coneflower Rudbeckia laciniate
- Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum
- Rigid Goldenrod Solidago rigida
- Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta
- Prairie Ironweed Vernonia fasciculate
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